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遥感技术与应用  2019, Vol. 34 Issue (6): 1190-1196    DOI: 10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2019.6.1190
定标专栏     
基于现场观测的星载雷达高度计定标方法进展
张宇飞(),蒋兴伟(),马超飞
国家卫星海洋应用中心,北京 100081
The Progress of the Altimeter Calibration based on the In-situ Observation
Yufei Zhang(),Xingwei Jiang(),Chaofei Ma
National Satellite Ocean Application Service, Beijing 100080, China
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摘要:

综述了截至目前的高度计定标相关进展。简要论述了星载雷达高度计的发展历史,高度计的主要误差来源,并以此引出并重点论述了用以校正这些误差来源并获得定标参数的3种基于现场观测的高度计定标方法,分别为依据GPS浮标、锚系压力验潮仪阵列以及沿岸验潮仪进行现场观测方法。同时论述了高度计定标场的历史发展,分析了国际高度计定标场的建设现状,重点介绍了国际上4个主要的业务化高度计定标场:Harvest石油平台、Bass海峡定标场、Corsica岛定标场、Gavdos岛定标场与我国为HY-2定标建设中的珠海万山定标场。通过对定标方法与国际业务化定标场的介绍,将为我国HY-2系列星载高度计万山定标场建设提供一定的思路。

关键词: 星载雷达高度计现场观测绝对定标    
Abstract:

The satellite radar altimeter calibration progress as of now is mainly summarized in this paper. The paper presents a short history of the altimeter development and the error sources of the altimeter. Then the paper comes to the Three methods of in-situ altimeter absolute calibration for error correction and get the Bais. Those three methods are the GPS buoys observation, the mooring tide gauge observation and the coastal tide gauge observation. The paper also discusses the history of the altimetry calibration and the international situation of the altimeter calibration sites. The 4 service calibration sites in the world including the Harvest Platform, the Bass calibration site, the Corsica Island calibration site and the Gavdos calibration site are introduced. Besides the paper introduces the dedicated calibration site for HY-2 series in Wanshan, Zhuhai. By introducing the methods of absolute calibration and the international calibration sites, the paper provides references for the HY-2 series calibration sites for China.

Key words: Satellite Radar Altimeter    In-situ observation    Absolute calibration
收稿日期: 2019-03-06 出版日期: 2020-03-23
ZTFLH:  TP751  
基金资助: 国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC1401003)
通讯作者: 蒋兴伟     E-mail: 15066836807@163.com;xwjiang@mail.nsoas.org.cn
作者简介: 张宇飞(1995-),男,安徽合肥人,硕士研究生,主要从事物理海洋学与海洋遥感应用研究。E?mail:15066836807@163.com
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引用本文:

张宇飞,蒋兴伟,马超飞. 基于现场观测的星载雷达高度计定标方法进展[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2019, 34(6): 1190-1196.

Yufei Zhang,Xingwei Jiang,Chaofei Ma. The Progress of the Altimeter Calibration based on the In-situ Observation. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2019, 34(6): 1190-1196.

链接本文:

http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2019.6.1190        http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V34/I6/1190

图1  基于现场观测的高度计定标流程
定标场定标卫星高度计
Bermuda试验场GEOS-3, Seasat
Acqua Alta平台[16]ERS-1
Harvest石油平台[14,17]T/P, Jason-1, Jason-2
Lampedusa定标场[18]T/P
Bass海峡定标场[12,19]T/P, Jason-1, Jason-2
Corsica岛[6,20]Envisat, T/P, Jason-1, Jason-2, Saral
Ibiza岛[21]T/P, Jason-1
Gavdos岛(West Crete岛定标场)[22,23,24]Envisat, Jason-1, Jason-2, Saral, Cryosat-2, HY-2A, Sentinel-3A, Sentinel-3B, Jason-3[25]
珠海万山定标场(正在建设中)[13]HY-2A,HY-2B
表1  高度计主要定标场简表
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