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遥感技术与应用  2020, Vol. 35 Issue (1): 233-244    DOI: 10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2020.1.0233
遥感应用     
基于OMI/OMPS中国季风区大气边界层SO2时空格局分析
康重阳1,2(),赵军1(),宋国富3,包山虎4
1. 西北师范大学 地理与环境学院,甘肃 兰州 730070
2. 陇东学院 历史与地理学院,甘肃 庆阳 745000
3. 西藏自治区生态环境遥感监测中心,西藏 拉萨 850000
4. 内蒙古师范大学 地理科学学院,内蒙古 呼和浩特 010022
Spatial Distribution of Atmospheric Boundary Layer SO2 in Monsoon Region of China based on OMI/OMPS
Chongyang Kang1,2(),Jun Zhao1(),Guofu Song3,Shanhu Bao4
1. College of geography and Environmental Science,Northwest Normal University,Lanzhou 730070,China
2. History and Geography department,Long Dong College,Qingyang,745000,China
3. Tibet Autonomous Region Remote Sensing Monitoring Center,Lhasa 850000,China
4. College of Geographical Sciences,Inner Mongolia Normal University,Hohhot 010022,China
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摘要:

为研究季风对大气边界层 SO2变化的影响,利用2005~2014年OMI SO2、2015~2017年OMPS NMSO2遥感数据,选取中国季风区为研究对象,分析大气边界层SO2时空分布特征,并选取4座典型城市,通过相关性分析和HYSPLIT后向轨迹模拟。结果表明:中国季风区PBL SO2空间上呈现异质性,冬、夏季风变迁对于季风区大气边界层 SO2柱浓度变化影响明显;温度和气压是影响大气边界层 SO2柱浓度的主要气象因子,其次是地域性气象条件;冬季气流对日SO2柱浓度升高影响较大,四川盆地及来自印度半岛、孟加拉湾的西南气流对重庆市SO2柱浓度升高效果显著,银川市SO2受蒙古高原偏北气流及天山北部西北气流影响,天津市和杭州市受华北平原及蒙古高原地区气流的作用。

关键词: SO2柱浓度季风区HYSPLIT模型气流    
Abstract:

The monsoon has obvious influences on biological migration, cultural formation, regional architectural structure, and changes in meteorological elements, but lacks study on the impact of the PBL SO2. In this paper, we make a study on the temporal and spatial distribution characteristics of the PBL SO2 in Chinese monsoon region by OMI SO2 from 2005 to 2014 and OMPS NMSO2 from 2015 to 2017 in order to identify the influence of monsoon on PBL SO2 in different regions. Four typical cities were selected to do correlation analysis, and HYSPLIT model was run for backward Trajectory simulation by the corresponding date of daily SO2 columns are greater than the monthly average in January 2012. The results show that china’s PBL SO2 is spatial heterogeneity; the change of winter and summer monsoon has obvious influence on the PBL SO2, temperature and pressure are the main factors affecting the concentration of the PBL SO2. Regional meteorological conditions have large differences in the dry and wet deposition, photochemical reaction and wind diffusion of SO2; the winter airflow has a greater impact on the increase of the SO2, internal discharge in the Sichuan Basin, and southwesterly airflow which comes from the Indian Peninsula and the Bay of Bengal has a significant effect on the increase of SO2 in Chongqing. Yinchuan is affected by the airflow that comes from the Mongolian Plateau or the Tianshan Mountains; Tianjin and Hangzhou are influenced by airflow come from the North China Plain or the Mongolian Plateau.

Key words: SO2 column    Monsoon region    HYSPLIT model    Airflow
收稿日期: 2018-10-09 出版日期: 2020-04-01
ZTFLH:  TP79  
通讯作者: 赵军     E-mail: kang06115@163.com;zhaojun@nwnu.edu.cn
作者简介: 康重阳(1983-),男,甘肃宁县人,硕士研究生,主要从事环境遥感与GIS应用研究。E?mail:kang06115@163.com
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引用本文:

康重阳,赵军,宋国富,包山虎. 基于OMI/OMPS中国季风区大气边界层SO2时空格局分析[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2020, 35(1): 233-244.

Chongyang Kang,Jun Zhao,Guofu Song,Shanhu Bao. Spatial Distribution of Atmospheric Boundary Layer SO2 in Monsoon Region of China based on OMI/OMPS. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2020, 35(1): 233-244.

链接本文:

http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2020.1.0233        http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/Y2020/V35/I1/233

图1  中国季风区PBL SO2空间分布 审图号:GS(2016)2885
图2  2005~2017年SO2年内变化趋势图 审图号:GS(2016)2885
图3  温带季风区SO2分级栅格数年内变化
图4  亚热带季风区SO2分级栅格数年内变化
气象数据 温带季风区 亚热带季风区
天津 银川 重庆 杭州
月均相对湿度 -0.35 -0.022 0.034 0.086
月均温度 -0.43 -0.67* -0.69* -0.71*
月均气压 0.42 0.57* 0.64* 0.72*
月均降水 -0.37 -0.31 -0.58* -0.23
月均平均风速 0.09 -0.19 -0.15 -0.2
月均最大风速 0.09 -0.25 -0.19 -0.42
月均极大风速 0.065 -0.31 -0.18 -0.43
月均日照时数 -0.07 -0.59* -0.29 -0.37
表1  典型城市SO2与月均气象数据的相关性
距地高度/m 蒙古高原 东北 华北平原
1 000 5 0 3
500 4 1 3
100 4 2 2
表2  天津市2012年1月份后向轨迹气流
图5  热带季风区SO2分级栅格数年内变化
图6  青藏高原季风区SO2分级栅格数年内变化
图7  天津市1月6日和16日后向轨迹图
距地高度/m 西北 偏北 偏西
1 000 9 2 1
500 9 1 2
100 7 1 4
表3  银川市2012年1月份后向轨迹气流
图8  银川市1月2日和4日后向轨迹图
距地高度/m 西南 四川盆地内部 其他
1 000 2 3 2
500 2 3 2
100 2 5 0
表4  重庆市2012年1月份后向轨迹气流
图9  重庆市2012年1月4日和18日后向轨迹图
距地高度/m 华北平原 蒙古高原 其他
1 000 3 4 1
500 5 3 0
100 7 1 0
表5  杭州市2012年1月9天后向轨迹气流方向
图10  杭州市1月22日和24日后向轨迹图
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