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遥感技术与应用  2020, Vol. 35 Issue (4): 759-766    DOI: 10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2020.4.0759
甘肃遥感学会专栏     
区块链技术在地学数据共享中的应用可行性分析
李亚珍1,2(),郭建文1,3(),吴阿丹1,2
1.中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院 黑河遥感试验研究站,甘肃 兰州 730000
2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
3.江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,江苏 南京 210023
Application Feasibility Analysis of Block Chain Technology in Geospatial Data Sharing
Yazhen Li1,2(),Jianwen Guo1,3(),Adan Wu1,2
1.Heihe Remote Sensing Experimental Research Station, Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing of Gansu Province, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3.Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
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摘要:

地学数据共享是地学研究的重要内容,也是挖掘地学数据、避免地学数据重复采集的重要途径,是现代数据密集型科研范式下地学研究的重要基础,因此,如何打破地学数据“孤岛”、实现不同地学数据便捷获取、保障数据安全、提升和扩展地学数据贡献者权益保护是地学数据共享中急需解决的问题。区块链技术的兴起,为地学数据价值外化途径扩充、提升数据安全和地学数据贡献者权益保护带来了新的可能。在系统梳理地学数据共享现状、存在问题、区块链基本原理、特点、底层架构以及应用现状的基础上,探讨区块链技术在地学数据共享中的应用可行性以及应用场景,阐述区块链技术在地学数据共享中的应用挑战,以期为地学数据共享领域区块链相关研究与应用提供参考。

关键词: 区块链地学数据共享地学数据实体地学数据衍生数据    
Abstract:

Geospatial data sharing as a significant component of geoscience research. It is also an important means to exploit geoscience data and avoid repeated collection of geospatial data. It is an essential foundation for modern data-intensive geoscience research. Therefore, how to break the geospatial data “island” and realize different geoscience data portable access, secure data security, and promote geospatial data author copyright are urgent problems in geospatial data sharing. The rise of blockchain technology has brought new possibilities for the expansion of the value of geospatial data, the enhancement of data security and the improvement of the protection of the rights of stakeholders in geospatial data. Based on the systematic review of the status quo of data sharing, existing problems, basic principles of blockchain, underlying architecture, characteristics and application status, this paper discusses the application feasibility of blockchain technology in geospatial data sharing, and expounds the application challenges of blockchain technology in geospatial data sharing, in order to provide reference for the research and application of blockchain in geospatial data sharing.

Key words: Block chain    Geospatial data sharing    Geospatial data    Derived data of Geospatial data
收稿日期: 2019-09-02 出版日期: 2020-09-15
ZTFLH:  TP79  
基金资助: 国家重点研发计划项目“生态监测物联网关键技术研发”(2016YFC0500105)
通讯作者: 郭建文     E-mail: liyazhen@lzb.ac.cn;guojw@lzb.ac.cn
作者简介: 李亚珍(1994-),女,甘肃庆阳人,硕士研究生,主要从事地学数据共享应用研究。E?mail:liyazhen@lzb.ac.cn
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引用本文:

李亚珍,郭建文,吴阿丹. 区块链技术在地学数据共享中的应用可行性分析[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2020, 35(4): 759-766.

Yazhen Li,Jianwen Guo,Adan Wu. Application Feasibility Analysis of Block Chain Technology in Geospatial Data Sharing. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2020, 35(4): 759-766.

链接本文:

http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2020.4.0759        http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/Y2020/V35/I4/759

图1  区块链基础架构模型
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